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About Johann

  • Rank
    Chatty concertinist
  • Birthday 04/20/1951

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  • Interests
    All about building reed instruments
  • Location
    Upper Austria

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396 profile views
  1. Hi Tom, a friend of mine had two reed organs for repair and the did not have this shape of the reed tongue. The shape was as usual in accordions, but i know from other instruments, that it was in use quite a lot. Talk rektion is very slow on this reed organs. I have the impression that it was far more important to get a special sound as to have very good talk reaktion. Best regards Johann
  2. Hi Dana, thanks for your reply. You are the native speaker and i full agree with all you did explain! Have a nice day an keep healthy. i keep working, because we should stay indoors anyway. Johann
  3. Hi all, i can only speak about accordion reeds and dont have much experience with Concertina reeds. The shaping of tongues can vary and was used in reed organs to give a distinct tone character. And special bendig tools ware in use. On Accordions i find it in most cases best to set the curve to a nice parable lice set. Learn to here the difference in sound with different settings and shapes. It is the key of understanding in respect of talk reaktion and more. The way how do the bending varies depending on the size of the reeds. Usually you get along with just using the thin shim and the fingers. Best would be to demonstrate this in a video or have a person that can show it. Is not as easy as one may think because depending on the size of the reed and the material for the tongue all is a bit different. very little differences in setting may cause different results. Best Regards, and greeting from Austria i hop my english is good enough. Johann Pascher
  4. Hi Tom, i have red some of P. Cottigham's publications now. especially "Analysis of free reed attack transients " Since it is quite a long time as i was talking about additional modes in reed motions in some forums. I am surprised that this letter now more or less confirms my hypotheses i made years ago. Then i was criticized about my theses. Over time i even was not sure anymore, since i could not find a real prove expect that i could hear some of this mode related pitches. I have found some way to control low reeds, without special tool only by hearing and changing the profile, but not as good as i would like to be in control off this. I will read more of P. Cottigham's Publications. Takes time. I am quite happy that there is some research done on the subject. As far as i can see his research are made under comparable conditions as mine. He also uses Matlab and similar equipment. I did not have high speed camera i used strobe light and sycron photography about 20 Years ago. As i told you i am now more in the practical phase of work. Best regards Johann
  5. Hi Tom, yes Tom exactly, still if we look deeper into the subject it may be important to remember that the western reed still behaves comparable, even we can get away with a much simplified model. Sure there are differences in the reed and in the cavity and where the reed is mounted. The circumstances remain the same, we still have a cavity and a reed and a mounting point of the reed all differs dramatically but the reed needs the air to sound. With the western reed, the reed is the dominant part and the cavity, it is nearly neglectable. I also like to point out again on very low reeds it is even more important how this cavity is formed and how big the cavity is. On the very high pitched reeds we all know that we have to take measures to improve the speaking of the reed. All my thinking is influenced by building helicon boxes now for about 20 Years and optimising the sound. My theoretical influence is strongly influenced from may former profession working and teaching in the field telecommunication. I never would say i can't be wrong if someone comes up with other explanations that fit better. The usual models and explanations are for me always a bit to much simplified. Best regards Johann
  6. High Wolf, it is really difficult how we charge sound and timbre. The main key is for me the human vocal tract how we form speech. The frequencies that count to distinguish vocals. So the answer for me, as with most things is somewhere in the middle. Read about https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Speech_recognition. This is a part from the german wiki can't find the same in the engisch: "Auf akustischer Ebene spielt insbesondere die Lage der Formanten eine Rolle: Die Frequenzanteile gesprochener Vokale konzentrieren sich typischerweise auf bestimmte unterschiedliche Frequenzen, die Formanten genannt werden. Für die Unterscheidung der Vokale sind insbesondere die zwei tiefsten Formanten von Bedeutung: Die tiefere Frequenz liegt im Bereich von 200 bis 800 Hertz, die höhere im Bereich von 800 bis 2400 Hertz. Über die Lage dieser Frequenzen lassen sich die einzelnen Vokale unterscheiden." Here is the link to the topic in englisch: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Formant To get on we would should think about this. Best regards Johann
  7. Hi tom, we keep on thinking and doing our best, but in the end we never know how others hear the same sound. For me spectrum carts are not as informative as the actual sound i hear. I wish we would have better tools to visualise sound and timbre. But in the end well trained ear is more precise. That's what i realised. I also would like to to some dow back on my opinion about additional mode frequencies, and how much the cont in the resulting sound. I still think such frequencies are more or less present especially under transient conditions, but when a reed is sounded constantly i can't say that i hear or cn measure this additional mode frequencies. Don't trust this single test that all would need much more intense investigation. Especially on very low pitched reeds i have the impression the are noticeable but i don't have a practical way to influence the sound by profiling the reed. My be i am completely wrong with my hypotheses in this respect. As with all as time goes by the opinion on subjects may change especially if no one could come up with a prove. Still i hope younger people will put time in this subject. Unfortunately it is not of major interest to scientists. Still it is good to talk about it so it may be some one will get on it as well. Best regards, Johann
  8. Tom i have the real sound not only the recording, and i think it depends strongly on the individium how we charge the sound. I had my hearing cuve checked some Years ago and then the test showed that i don't have any dropouts and i here quote high tone very well. Other my manly hear the lower components of the sound. So it may be well so that for you the titanium sounds brighter and for me it is the steel. Quite explanable with this 5th harmonic. 5th harmonic is 5:4 major 3rd (c to e1). If the 5th gets dominant it is more like a 3rd mayor is present. You may experiment with the sound by using equalizers try to inforce just the 5th or on the other hand enforce a wider range on the high end. I is common practice to brighten a sound by enforcing Frequencies above 1 khz. Best regards, Johann
  9. No Tom see the index on the right. I did not change anything just the lins are now drown ble on top of orange.
  10. Tom the tongue thickness is not constant it has the usual profile and the tongue bends in a smooth curve similar to the steel profile. But the titanium alloy reed is approximately 1/3 less stiff to get to the same pitch. So your theoretical model uses different parameter, with the same stiffness but different length. To get to the same pitch with nearly equal reed dimensions stiffness mast the different what results in less strong higher harmonics. That is for me a known circonstance if i make reedsets with different stiffness. Johann
  11. Hi tom, the are not equal. I have attached the same chart but this time with blue line on top.
  12. Please look at the attached pictures i also mentioned that test condition is totally equal and air pressure was 500 PaN/m2. Reeds were mounted equally on the same tunningtabel on exactly the same place. Nothing special about the microphone is an electrede micro. I don't say this are ideal test condition but enough to see differences in the chart. It my be you war mistaken steel has much more higher harmonics look at the chart and listen again. Don't take the blips to seriesly the my be caused by the wind machine i would need to repeat the test again with different pressures so i could tell for sure if the are from the windsource or not. The test condition should be carried out in a special noce damped room as well, i could do this in the sound laboratory at my former workplace. But this test was made on may workplace. All together would be a fillings subject for a dissertation. For now i don't have more. Best regards Johann
  13. I may be well wong on how the final instrument with titanium alloy reeds sound, i only know small accordions with brass or bronze reeds. All would need intense verifying and making complete sets with titanium alloys. Also keep in mind we only talk about reed sets my experience is that the instrument itself has also influence on the resulting sound and with "typical formant range" in the spectrum. We have et list some different filtering depending on the instrument. Comparing ist therefore alway not so easy. Best regards Johann
  14. " Listening to Johan’s sound files of a steel reed vs a titanium one, I really couldn’t tell the difference. The chart does show the different strengths of the harmonics, but our ears probably aren’t designed to distinguish between sounds that are proportionally so similar, especially since both seem to have strong odd harmonics as the defining feature of the tone. [...] Tom doesn’t’ agree with Benade’s explanation and convinced me it may not be correct, but that is as far as I got. Dana" Hi Dena use headphones and you should hear the difference. Is not as much as one would expect and under real conditions it may be even less. Still i expect a more mellow sound as brass. This are all hypothesis that need to be proven in real Instruments. Also it is not so important for people who build instruments to understand way the different sound are produced. Important is that we know we can influence the sound by changing Profile and reed length. We just have to accept that reed produce beside the "normal" harmonics, that are more or less in a known relationship to each other, also harmonic frequencies that are in amplitude much less but don't fit into this scale. Changing profile will result in varying this frequencies and amplitudes of this so called inharmonic frequencies (additional mode frequencies). Relay on your ear by making reeds there is no real practical mathematical background that would really help in making reeds sounding more pleasant to our ears. Please point me to the differences of Bernard's explanation. Best regards Johann
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