Pardon me for continuing the thread drift by discussing the shanty SHENANDOAH, ... but ...
In the book THE SEVEN SEAS SHANTY BOOK by JOHN SAMPSON (with forward by JOHN MASEFIELD), the shanty SHENANDOAH appears in the section CAPSTAN SHANTIES.
His notes accompanying the shanty state ...
"The origin of this beautiful Shanty has been often attributed to the American Negro. Personally I do not think that any of the facts warrant this assumption ... ... neither the words nor the tune are even remotely connected with the negro.
It was originally a song and was always a great favourite in the American Army. As a Shanty it is easily one of the first three, and the tune is of great beauty and lends itself easily to harmonious treatment."
In his preface the author states ...
"There are a few so called Shanties that I have omitted purposely, as I did not think them worth a place in this collection, but I cannot recall any deep sea Shanty in general use during my time which is not in this book, ...."
So, he regards this not only as a capstan shanty but as being in the TOP three of ALL shanties!
THE SEVEN SEAS SHANTY BOOK was "... the outcome of a desire on the part of the members of the Seven Seas Club (mainly composed of past and present officers of the Merchant Service) to have the singing of Sea Shanties as an integral part of the programme at their monthly Dinners.
As I (John Sampson) had taken a leading part in the Shanty revival which began in the early days of the club, I was commissioned by my fellow members of the Committee to prepare a standardised version of some of the more popular Shanties for the use of the Club ...."
He goes on to say ... "There are a number of Shanty books already on the market, but without wishing to be controversial, they are not considered adequate by the sailing ship members of the club. ... I had actually sung every Shanty and song in this book at sea in sailing ships; ... "
I think that he has to be considered a very reliable source.
The Seven Seas Club was founded about 1922 to promote and foster the comradeship of the sea.
My edition of the book is dated 1927 and in it he also refers to them broadcasting from the club which is quite amazing really as the BBC itself only made its first broadcast in June 1920.
Does this mean that "folk" revival began in 1922 and that these unknown mariners were the first "folk" singers to make a live broadcast??
[Ducks behind previously prepared sandbag defences!!]
(Nothing concertina related in this so I can't start a new thread!!)